Mettlach, Germany is a town known for making beer mugs in the Villeroy and Boch factories since around 1842. They made all types of pottery.
It all started in 1809 when Pierre-Joseph Boch set up a business in the remains of a cathedral built in 786 AD.
To avoid destroying the trees used for the factory’s fuel, a charcoal kiln was developed in 1816.
Famous artists were hired to create the designs. There were eight V&B factories making ceramics.
In 1836, Mettlach merged with Villeroy & Boch, forming a company headed by Eugène, son of Pierre-Joseph.
Modern improvements have continued. They adopt new styles, new products such as tableware and new types of ceramics.
After a fire destroyed the factory and archives in 1925, they reproduced many old objects. Collectors since the 1970s have been paying the highest prices for pre-fire coins.
Earlyware Relief pieces were made before 1880. They were formed in a mould, often to look like a tree trunk and sometimes beige in color.
Vine-like castings were added and colored green or brown with platinum accents. Mettlach marks tell the story of a coin, with up to nine marks on a coin.
Q: About five years ago I bought a Madame Alexander doll at a sale. It came in the original box, which reads “Joséphine” and “1335”. She is 12 inches tall and wears a long chiffon dress adorned with embroidered ribbons and lace, a gold crown and jewels. Everything is in perfect condition. Is the doll worth anything or should I let my great-grandchildren play with it?
Beatrice Alexander Behrman and her sisters founded the Alexander Doll Company in New York City in 1923. The name “Madame Alexander” was trademarked in 1928, and Beatrice began using the name for herself as well as her dolls.
The business was sold in 1988 when Béatrice retired. It has been owned by Kahn Lucas since 2012.
Josephine is part of Madame Alexander’s Portraits of History series of dolls made from 1980 to 1986.
It represents Empress Josephine, Napoleon’s first wife. Dolls like yours are plentiful and sell for less than $30.
noritake cupyellow bird with little chick, perched on a flowering branch, Mother’s Day 1973 in gold lettering on the bottom, slightly flared shape, 3 x 3 1/2 inches, $15.
Limoges jewelry boxpainted lid, To Mother With Love, bouquet of flowers, leaf sprig band, gold metal ribbon and bow mount, signed at the bottom, Chamart, Limoges, France, 1950s, 1 1/2 x 2 1/2 inches , $95.
InkwellZodiac pattern, patinated bronze, six sides, slanted corners, molded panels with zodiac signs and interlocking knots, glass liner, branded Tiffany Studios, 3 3/4 x 6 1/2 inches, $275.
iron boot scraperwrought, floral design with curved sides, Newport, Rhode Island, 18th century, 16 x 14 inches, $460.
Point: Never attempt to polish or clean bronze colored bookends. They have a bronze coating and collectors like patina. Cleaning decreases the value.